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Life Friuli Fens - Conservation and restoration of calcareous fens in Friuli

Plantago altissima - G. Oriolo

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European interesting species and endemic plants

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Species from the red book of the flora of Italy

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Allium suaveolensspace
Anagallis tenellaspace
Gentiana pneumonanthespace
Orchis palustrisspace
Plantago altissimaspace
Senecio paludosusspace
Sesleria uliginosaspace
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Glacials relicts

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Other typical plants

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PHOTO GALLERY
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LIFE FRIULI FENS

Plantago altissima

Plantago altissima L. - Narrowleaf plantain
Family: Plantaginaceae

This species occurs in the south-east of Europe till Pannonia and in Italy it reaches the western limit.  It differs from the common P. laceolata for its almost horizontal rhizome, with relatively big secondary roots, for its basal glossy hairless serrate leaves - 40-45 cm long - and for its grooved flowering scape - 1 m high - with a big cylindrical spike - 6 cm long.
It is present in the wet lowlands, above all on mineral but also peaty substrata, which are dry in summer, and on coastal brackish lowlands. It shares its habitat with Allium suaveolens  in the retro dune Molinia areas and in the mesophyll Molinia caerulea  areas. In Italy, it is especially present along the Adriatic coast and sometimes on the plain of the Po. Like many other hygrophilous species typical of the lowland habitat, this species has lost many of its sites because of the biotope destruction and it is therefore included in the Red Data Book of the plants in Italy.
In the Resurgence area of Friuli, the species is relatively still present and it characterizes the Plantagini altissimae-Molinietum caeruleae oligotrophic soils, together with the Molinia caerula, when the ground is not flooded for long periods.

G. Bolognini

G. Bolognini

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