Nocturnal birds pf prey (ord. Strigiformes)
The long-eared owl (Asio otus) is present throughout the year, it breeds as well as it migrates and regularly winters in the region.
During the winter the species is gregarious and tends to form daytime gatherings, sometimes consisting of several dozens of individuals, especially in the presence of coniferous woods.
Locally common roosts have been found even in thick undergrowth woods.
It attends anthropic environments such as urban parks and cemeteries, both during wintering in the breeding season.
Until a few years ago, the long-eared owl was probably the most common nocturnal bird of prey in the wooded areas of the plains. Its distribution during the breeding season was, at least in part, facilitated by wide availability of old nests of crows that are normally used for nesting by this and other species of birds of prey, both day and night. In all nests found, spawning has indeed occurred in magpie and crow nests located on various species of trees and shrubs. The last decade has been verified a sudden and marked decrease in the number of breeding pairs in different areas of the plains, including the area where the resurgent in recent years has not been any census breeding pair.
Among other nesting species are mentioned in particular the tawny owl (Strix aluco) in recent years has instead an increase in the number of couples present, and the barn owls (Tyto alba) that is played mostly in towns.
Lastly, the short-eared owl (Asio flammeus), a species not commonly reported during the migration and occasionally during the winter.